Sunday, November 20, 2016
The headwaters of Taylor-Massey Creek were originally found in the area of Sheppard and Victoria Park Avenues. The area of the headwaters was approximately 150 hectares until the construction of the Toronto Bypass (401) was completed in 1964. In order to reduce complications with the widening of the highway in the 1980’s, it was decided to divert the headwaters into Highland Creek. As a consequence, the creek developed a new smaller source. Now 18 hectares of natural springs mix with the polluted runoff of the sixteen lanes of highway that passes overhead.
When this area of Scarborough, known as Maryvale, was developed in the early-1950’s it was common to take the watersheds and re-route them through concrete channels. Taylor-Massey Creek begins in a collection of pipes and emerges from a headwall in the top of Terraview Park. From there it used to proceed south in a curved concrete channel all the way to Ellesmere Road and beyond. The parkland around these concrete channels was underused and the water in the channel often ran with ten times the city’s allowable levels of E-coli. The picture below shows the concrete channel that the creek still flows through in the Warden Power Corridor south of the two parks.
In 1992 the Metropolitan Toronto and Regional Conservation Authority created the Don Watershed Task Force to develop an ecosystem approach to managing the entire watershed. At the time The Don River was one of the most polluted in Canada. When 40 Steps To A New Don was published in 1994 it identified Terraview and Willowfield Parks as a concept site to prove the plan for regeneration. Any benefits to water quality that could be made at this end of the watershed would benefit the entire system. The aerial photo below shows the concrete channel as it passes through Terraview Park and under Penworth Road where it continues through Willowfields Gardens Park. This picture was taken from the 40 Steps To A New Don final report.
The plan called for the removal of the channel and renaturalization of the creek bed. Wetlands were developed because they act as a natural filter for suspended particles and contaminants.
The soccer field at Terraview Park has an underground filtration system designed into it. Now that it has been in operation for nearly 20 years there is some data and a cost/benefit analysis is being conducted to see if other such systems should be constructed. Oil and water separators and sediment pools are used along with French drains and storm water retention facilities are all part of the design. Today, the water is still not as clean as the city bylaws require and a sediment pool at the headwall where the water enters the park needs to be expanded or replaced.
When a concrete channel passed through the mowed lawns of the former parks there was little wildlife to be seen. Today the two contiguous parks provide a welcome habitat in this part of the city.
Tamarack is a species of Larch tree that is native to Canada. Although they have needles and cones like an evergreen they lose their needles every fall. The needles take on a beautiful shade of yellow before they fall off the tree.
Along with the usual sets of swings and slides, the park also has a splash pad. Water from the pad is filtered before it is let into the pond on its way out towards Warden Woods.
After leaving Terraview Pond the creek flows through a section of new growth as it heads south. The sides of the new creek channel have armour stone on them in places where erosion is likely but there has been no attempt to keep the new shrubs and trees from growing in the channel.
South of Penworth Road Taylor-Massey Creek flows through a natural channel and into the newly created Willowfield Pond. Where a lifeless concrete channel once existed a new aquatic habitat has been created. Herons can be seen here in the summer hunting for lunch while ducks and geese find food among the marshes on the shore. Muskrats have also been seen in the pond.
Northern Red Oak, along with thousands of other trees and shrubs, have been planted in the two parks.
Willowfield Pond has been designed with the local schools in mind. There are observation stations where outdoor lessons are taught. Students also monitor the water quality and help with planting programs.
Water flows from Willowfield pond into a peat bog which also acts as a final filter to remove contaminants before the water makes it’s way toward the Don River.
Water is still discharged directly into the creek but the local residents have removed their downspouts from the collection system. By allowing the water to flow onto the lawn more of it is absorbed and slowly released into the creek which reduces flash flooding.
There is plenty of work left to be done at these two parks. Sections of the parks that were intended to be planted with Carolinian Forest have yet to be started. Phase III of the project was never implemented. It called for the hydro corridor to be naturalized as well. The concrete channel was to be removed and the area around the new stream was set to be densely planted.
The renaturalization of these two parks won an award in 2002 from the Canadian Society of Landscaping Architects.
Google Maps link: Terraview Park and Willowfield Gardens Park
Like us at http://www.facebook.com/hikingthegta
Follow us at http://www.hikingthegta.com