Rosetta McClain Gardens 2019

Sunday, August 11, 2019

Rosetta McClain Gardens sits atop the Scarborough Bluffs and although it was once a private garden it is now open to the public for everyone to enjoy.  We have previously visited the gardens but having seen the pictures of hummingbirds on the Friends of Rosetta McClain Gardens Facebook page it seemed like a good idea to stop by again.  Our earlier visit contains more details about the history of the property and so it will be linked at the end of this post rather than repeating all of that here.

Monarch butterfly caterpillars go through five distinct stages of growth, molting after each one.  Each stage is known as an instar and the first stage is translucent.  By the third stage it grows longer tentacles and has the familiar yellow, white and black banding.  This caterpillar below is a third stage instar and in the next two stages it will have white patches on the legs.  The fifth instar will be 2000 times the weight of the first one.  The caterpillar then molts into a chrysalis from which the butterfly will emerge in 8-15 days.  Caterpillars that are seen in late August are the generation that will fly south for the winter.

IMG_1470 (1)

Hummingbirds are the smallest family of birds with the bee hummingbird weighing just 2 grams.  They get their name from the noise their wings make during flight while they beat between 12 and 80 times per second.  Due to their high metabolism they consume energy at a substantial rate.  To preserve body mass, every night they enter a state of torpor that is similar to hibernation.  Even in their state of torpor they lose up to 10% of their body mass every night.


The gardens feature several of the ten species of coneflowers.  The coneflower is formally known as echinacea and has long been used for its immunological effects.  There are studies which show that it can be effective in treating and preventing respiratory infections related to the common cold.  The cone flower is being pollinated by a black swallowtail butterfly.


Dryad’s Saddle is a large polypore that can grow as large as 12 inches across.  These young ones are just getting started.  They are edible but can be very tough so people will eat the small ones or cut off the outer edges of the cap on larger ones.  This mushroom is also known as Pheasant’s Back.


The underside of butterfly wings often displays a much different pattern than the top side of the wing.  The Painted Lady below tends to be found in areas where there are thistles as the larvae feed on thistles and burdocks.


The remains of the McClain house add an interesting atmosphere to the gardens.  Most of the roof is gone as are parts of the walls but what is left makes for some unusual photographs.


The view from the top of the Scarborough Bluffs out across Lake Ontario often reveals pleasure boats near shore and the smaller shadows on the horizon of the larger ships.


Rosetta McClain Gardens is one of the best places in the city to photograph birds, flowers and butterflies.  The story of the gardens can be found in our earlier post which is available at this link.

Google Maps Link: Rosetta McClain Gardens

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Kerncliff Park

Saturday, August 3, 2019

Nelson Quarry operated a limestone quarry on Kerns Road in Burlington until 1981.  After it closed it became the site of an ongoing rehabilitation program.  The city of Burlington purchased the old quarry with the intention of creating their first environmental park which eventually opened in 2005.  We decided to check it out and found that there is free parking on both sides of Kerns Road.  The lot on the south side of the road has an interesting concrete artifact near where we parked.  This was likely associated with the quarry across the road.


The old quarry covers about 40 acres and is now the site of a provincially significant area of natural and scientific interest.  The quarry exposes a transitional layer between the dolomite of the Lockport Formation and the limestone of the Amabel Formation.


The Ian Reid Side Trail is 1.4 kilometres long and allows people to traverse the wetlands on an elevated boardwalk.  It is named after a long time supporter of the Bruce Trail and a former Bruce Trail Association president.


The boardwalk has a small observation platform in the middle of the wetlands.  Bullrushes have grown tall enough that it is hard to see the frogs and other wildlife that have made the former quarry home.


The floor of the old quarry is remarkably flat considering it was created by blasting the limestone off the surface.


Guard rails have been added along the top of the rock face to protect people who are hiking on the Bruce Trail which runs along the crest.  One of the characteristics of the quarry that made extraction attractive at this site is the relatively thin layer of soil on top of the limestone.  This layer is known as overburden and any place where it is more than two metres thick it becomes impractical to remove it.  There’s always are other places where the limestone is closer to the surface.


The rock face of the quarry looks as if they just packed up and left.  There is a large amount of broken rock at the base of the cliff as if they blasted a bunch of rock and processed what they could.  Then, rather than working until they ran out of available rock, they just punched out at 5:00 and never came back.


In the spring and summer the male goldfinch has bright yellow plumage.  The colour is attributed to carotenoids in their diet.  They typically live from 3 to 6 years in the wild but the record has been observed at 11 years.


From the park you get views into Burlington and out to Lake Ontario in the distance.


Black walnut trees are known for their dark hardwood that is perfect for making high quality wood furniture.  The nuts can be harvested in late September or early October and should be collected from the tree before they fall.  If you can leave an impression on the shell with your finger the nut is ripe.


Portions of the trail are accessible for those who use some form of mobility assistance.


Returning to the car we had another look at the concrete foundations with the tree growing out of the top of them.


The Bruce Trail runs along the top of the cliff face and we had previously explored there in our post Bruce Trail – Kerns Road to Guelph Line.

Google Maps Link: Kerncliff Park

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Canary Restaurant

Sunday, July 28, 2019

Of all the buildings that used to make up the area of Cherry and Front Streets there are but two remaining.  The building on the south east corner has served under many names over the years while across the street the CN Railway Police Building has kept it company since 1923.

The need for a new school in the rapidly expanding St. Lawrence Ward was addressed when the Toronto Board of Education decided to erect a new brick school building on the corner of Palace (now Front) and Cherry Streets.  One of the considerations for the new school was that it should have separate entrances for boys and girls and they should not be in the same classroom.  The school had room for 80-90 boys and as many girls and the school board had plans to expand if the community continued to grow.  The picture below shows the boys entrance which has been painted green over the years.


The area around the school started to transform with the arrival of the railways and the industry that they attracted.  Slowly the population dwindled until the school was forced to close in 1887 and the students were transferred to Sackville Street School.  The original school building is the oldest surviving one built by the Toronto School Board and it has some very interesting architecture.


The south side of the building had the girls entrance and reveals the change in architecture styles between the original two story school and the later third floor addition.


Robert Irvine bought the building from the school board and converted it into a 40 room hotel.  In 1890 the building was expanded with a new main entrance on the corner of Cherry and Front Streets.


The hotel operated under several owners who gave it different names.  Originally it was Irvine House but was soon changed to Cherry Street Hotel.  In 1904 it was re-branded as the Eastern Star Hotel but by 1910 this too had failed and was closed.


The building stood empty from 1910 until 1922 when it was bought and converted into a manufacturing facility.  It was around this time that the third, and largest, expansion was carried out.  The Thomas Davidson Manufacturing Company used the building to produce enamel ware.  The addition was used for warehousing and later rented to additional manufacturing companies including General Steel Ware.  If you look carefully at the wall you can still see “Thos. Davidson Mfg” painted there.


From the rear, the building looks like a typical early 20th century factory.


The Toronto Archives picture below is dated 1972 and shows the Canary Restaurant from the angle of the Palace Street School building.  The restaurant operated in the building from 1965 until 2007 when the neighbourhood was consisted of mostly vacant or demolished buildings.  The Canary Restaurant had become a local icon and now provides the name “The Canary District” to the section of the Lower Donlands that used to be home to Maple Leaf Pork processing plants.  The building has had a heritage designation since 1976 and latest proposal includes it in the future Anishnawbe Health Centre development, the city’s first ever indigineous hub.

Front Street at Cherry Street

Creator: Harvey R. Naylor Date: February 16, 1972 Archival Citation: Fonds 1526, File 60, Item 12 Credit: City of Toronto Archives Copyright was transferred to the City of Toronto by the copyright owner.

From the front you can see the three different architectural styles in the building, each reflecting the period in which it was built as well as the intended purpose of the additions.  The 1859 school on the right, the 1890 hotel in the centre and the 1922 factory on the left.


On January 30, 1923 the Grand Trunk Railway was officially absorbed into the Canadian National Railway.  Shortly thereafter the CNR built an office building beside the earlier GTR tracks.  The building was later occupied by the CNR Police and is now often referred to as the CNR Police Building.  The CNR used it until 1970 and most recently it has been used to sell the condos that have been built all around it.


The picture below is from 1932 and shows the extensive railway sheds that ran along Front Street.  The two story office building at the far end is all that remains today.  During the 1990’s this building was used to shoot multiple films for Toronto’s film industry.

cherry 1932

It remains to be seen how these two historic buildings will be integrated into the Canary District but hopefully they will both survive.  If you are in the area you can always visit Corktown Common, a new park just east along Front Street.

Google Maps Link: Cherry and Front Street

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Bruce Trail – Crawford Forestry Tract

Saturday, July 27, 2019

It promised to be a very hot summer day and so we decided to take cover on a shady section of The Bruce Trail.  The Crawford Forestry Tract is a secondary part of Crawford Lake Conservation Area and is just west of the park.  The main Bruce Trail runs through both areas and so we parked on Twiss Road where there is space for several cars at the trail crossing and set out to walk through the forestry tract.

crawford 2

In part of the cedar forest we came across what appeared to be a red flower similar to a poppy.  The cup in the middle was recessed quite deep but didn’t have normal flower parts inside but rather a centre the same as the outside.


The patterns of gills underneath reveal that it is in fact a type of mushroom.  This is most likely some kind of scarlet waxy cap that has become deformed and sunken in the middle as it starts to decay.  There is nothing in the mushroom book that looks like a poppy.   The Crawford Forestry Tract is also known as Crawford Tract II provides habitat for 14 species which are at risk.  There’s also 3 globally and 7 provincially rare habitat types in the park.


There are wetlands throughout the forestry tract and the water lilies are in bloom.


The Crawford Tract has some sections of trail that are typical of the escarpment where you are walking over limestone and dolomite boulders that have been broken apart by karst activity.


Coral Spring Mycena is one of the first gilled mushrooms to appear in the spring, however it will be found from May until September.  It also goes by the name Orange Bonnet and because it is so small most people consider it to be inedible.


Slugs and snails are related to oysters and clams in that they are all molluscs.  The front end has either two or four antenna.  If there is only two they will each have an eye on it.  If there are four the additional two will be used for sensory perceptions. This little yellow one is known as a garden slug.


When you reach Guelph Line you have an option to continue into the Crawford Lake Conservation Area.  Once there you can explore the park, take a hike around the meromictic lake and visit the reconstructed longhouses.  We decided instead to head back because that would have added considerable distance to the hike and it was already one of those hot days when it is prudent not to push it too far.


When you walk a trail in two directions you often see things on the return trip that you didn’t catch on the way in.  It was starting to seem that mushrooms had appeared in the time between our two passes.  A large patch of Burnt-orange Bolete mushrooms was appearing, several just breaking ground.  These mushrooms are listed as edible but apparently have a bitter taste.


There’s never a shortage of things to see along the Bruce Trail and at this time of year the mushrooms are out in their short lived glory.  For many of them you have only one day to see them at their best before they start to fade and rot.

Google Maps Link: Crawford Forestry Tract

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Cedarvale Park

Saturday, July 20, 2019

Cedarvale Park spans the ravine which Castle Frank Brook originally ran in.  The park runs basically from Eglinton Avenue to St. Clair Avenue.  It takes its name from the neighbourhood in which it is found.  We decided to visit the park and found that parking near the south end of Glen Cedar Bridge allowed access to the ravine by a set of stairs.

The community of Cedarvale was envisioned by Sir Henry Pellat who owned Casa Loma and the 300 acre property south of Eglinton and west of Bathurst.  The plan was to build homes for the wealthy in two subdivisions with the Castle Frank Brook Ravine dividing the two.  Connaught Avenue was to be the central roadway and would cross the ravine on a grand bridge which we now know as Glen Cedar Bridge.  The historic photo of the bridge below is from the city archives and was taken in April 1915.


The plan was very ambitious but was disrupted by the depression and only the southern section of Cedarvale was built until many years later.  The set of stairs which provides access to the trails in the ravine descends at the north end of the bridge.


By 1973 the bridge was no longer considered safe and it was designated as a pedestrian bridge.  It continued to deteriorate and by the end of the decade the city decided to demolish it.  The picture below from Toronto Public Library is dated 1987 and shows the condition of the road bed.

Glen Cedar 1987

Members of the community rallied together and saved the bridge which has led to restoration as an ongoing pedestrian and bicycle bridge.


The sides of the ravine are covered with mature trees and several of the houses have had steps built into the slopes to provide access to the park.  One of the oddities we found was this cable that has been strung between two trees that are only a few feet apart.  The original use is not readily apparent.


Mulberry bushes grow in several places in the park.  Many people don’t realize that these berries are edible, not that we’re advocating eating the fruit in your local park.  Mulberries have a very high level of protein and iron compared to a lot of fruit.  They are also full of antioxidant and fibre as well as vitamin C.


Even though the park was cleared through the centre in 1975 to facilitate subway construction the sides of the ravine contain a few mature trees.  The side trails are regenerating with trees that have been planted by countless volunteers over the decades.


Blackish-red Russula is also known as brittlegill.  It is an edible mushroom and is said to be mild tasting compared to some of the hot Russula species.  It is best to eat this one cooked although some sites don’t recommend it at all.


It was one of those hot summer days when the open areas in the park were uncomfortable for hiking through.  A highly controversial plan to build The Spadina Expressway would have seen the ravine and the park become an expressway.  Allen Road is a section of the Spadina Expressway that was actually built and it ends at Eglinton Avenue.  From there the highway would have run through the ravine to meet up with Spadina in a similar manner to how the Don Valley Parkway dominates that rivers ravine.


Toward the north end of the park is a large off-leash area for dogs.  The rest of the park is considered to be on-leash although it would be impossible to tell that from the dogs running around loose.  Adjacent to the dog park is a concrete structure with a doorway that is built into the side of a hill.  This is an emergency entrance/exit to the Spadina Subway line that runs underneath the park.  With the cancellation of the exressway through the park, it became a prime candidate for the alignment of the subway which was to run under Allen Road as far as Sheppard Avenue.  In the mid-1970’s the park was completely disrupted by the construction of the subway line.  The tunnels were built using the cut and cover method which dug a trench through the park and later covered it over and replanted trees and wetlands.


The subway tunnel follows the path of Castle Frank Brook which is also buried beneath the park.  Above ground wetlands have reformed where the creek once flowed. Butterflies, such as this red admiral can be seen throughout the park.


This cardinal is showing signs that it is well past the mating season.  His bright red colour has faded somewhat and his crest appears to be poorly groomed.  Cardinals molt their feathers in late summer or early fall making them look a little unkempt.  It is possible to find them during the peak of the molt looking bald as they may lose all of their crest feathers at once.


At the south end of the park a section of the ravine lies below a housing development.  The ravine continues south of St. Clair as Nordheimer Ravine.  The subway tunnel continues below the park and this is the site of the most famous accident in the history of the subway system in Toronto.  On August 11, 1995 one train had stopped on the line for a transit signal.  A second train was coming from behind and being unaware of the stopped train in front of it collided at full speed.  Three people were killed and thirty were taken to the hospital with over 100 later filing claims of injury.  The Russell Hill emergency access is located just west of the Spadina Reservoir and was used to rescue the victims and evacuate the tunnel.


Cedarvale Park is a hidden jewel in the heart of the Forest Hill area but it is possible to forget the city moves all around and even under the park.

Google Maps Link: Cedarvale Park

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The Auto Graveyard

Sunday, May 21, 2019

The short section of Etobicoke Creek Trail that runs between the 401 and Eglinton Avenue is home to at least four dead cars.  We had previously visited a Chevy Vega  that is in the woods to the side of the trail a little south of Sismet Road.  The story of this car is told in a previous post that will be linked at the end, should you wish to further explore. The pictures for this post were taken at the end of May so should you choose to visit you may find the foliage is a little thicker now.

After you pass under Matheson Boulevard the trail will carry you across Etobicoke Creek and into the Toronto side of the park.  The Etobicoke Creek Trail doesn’t pass under the 401 at this time because of safety concerns during restoration of the highway bridges but if you get this far without seeing the old cars you have gone too far.  It appears that there are three cars in one little cluster, all of them in advanced decay.  The first one that we could identify is a 1973 Datsun 1200 coupe.  One of the key attributes that was used to make the identification was the pair of vents on the door panel.  Although the dashboard no longer has any gauges in it the layout is also clearly the same as seen in pictures of the Datsun 1200 Coupe.


The car had an oblong cluster of three lights on each side of the rear for tail lights.  The innermost on the right has enough of the plastic left to show that it was the white section.


The eight cylinder engine still contains some spark plugs but you’ll likely want to do a full tune-up anyway as part of any restoration.


Like the cover photo, this picture shows the Datsun 1200 from the rear.  It’s going to take a little work to get this one back on the road.


Here’s a picture of a new 1973 Datsun 1200.  Notice the vents on the door panel and the tail light configuration.

1973 Datsun 1200

Car number two is a Chrysler and it too has seen some better days.


There’s been a few parts removed from the engine but once you replace them you can set the firing order as per the sequence on the casting.


The code on the side of the exhaust manifold casting indicates that this is a Mopar 340 engine cast in 1971 or 1972.  Beside the part number is a date wheel indicating that the casting was done in October 1971 which means that this was likely installed in a 1972 model year vehicle.  This limits the model to one of five a Duster, Demon, Road Runner, Charger Super B or a ‘Cuda 340.


Car number three is a GM but we were unable to come up with much more information on this relic.



We can deduce that the model year was likely 1970 or earlier based on the bumper design.  The 5 MPH crash design was imposed in 1971.  This required that an impact at 5 MPH should not damage the lights and so they were removed from the bumpers and placed on the read panel of the car.  The bumpers were extended from the frame and much of the fancy tail light/bumper design was lost forever.  This rear bumper appears in two parts likely with an extended cluster of tail lights running between them.


The side of the engine has the letters GM which at least tells us the brand of vehicle.


A 1975 Chevy Vega sits in the woods a little farther south along the trail.  You can read more about it in our post Etobicoke Creek Trail.


There appears to be plenty left to discover in future hikes along the Etobicoke Creek Trail.

Check out this link for our top 20 stories of all time: Back Tracks: Five Years Of Trails

Google Maps Link: Sismet Road

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Malton – Ghost Towns of The GTA

Sunday, July 7, 2019

The town of Malton had grown from humble beginnings to a community of over 900 before growth stalled and it began to decline.  The town developed around the classic four corners of a crossroads, in this case Airport Road and Derry Road.  It didn’t grow in all four directions however, only the 100 acres on the north west corner was laid out for a subdivision.  This happened a year after the Grand Trunk Railway came to town in 1854 and as a result the streets are laid out parallel to the railway and not to the four corners.  This leaves all the streets running at 45 degrees to Derry and Airport Roads.  Much of the original four corners was destroyed in a gas line explosion in 1969 and the rest was lost to road realignment and widening.  While not a true ghost town, the original community is now hidden in the original block of streets and surrounded by the airport and urban sprawl.

Malton 1877

In 1857 the Trinity Methodist Church was built as a wood frame structure.  Later it was given a veneer of bricks with some interesting details around the windows.  This church was used until 1953 when the congregation moved to a new church building and this one was converted into a residence.

Malton 1857

Compared to the beautiful brickwork in the picture above, the renovated building seen below is really awful.


The house at 16 Burlington Street is a typical 3 bay farmhouse built in 1866 by John and Mary Bateman.  This house has a gothic arched window in the upstairs dormer.  The style is known as a story and a half because of the low headroom in the upstairs rooms.


The house at 17 Scarboro Street is one of the oldest surviving ones in the community, having been built in 1870.  Richard and Harriet Ibson only owned the house for a few years before selling it to John Guardhouse in 1877.  It has had several additions to it over the years and is currently for sale.  The windows have been boarded over to keep vandals from destroying it and someone has taken the time to paint the boards black and put white trim on them.


The house at 18 Scarboro Street belonged to David Tomlinson who served Toronto Gore as a councillor and a reeve in the 1860’s.  David built this house in 1884 at the same time that his brother built the house at 16 Scarboro Street.


Joseph Tomlinson was a carpenter and the original owner of 16 Scarboro Street.  The two houses were built at the same time and likely both by Joseph.  The one at 16 Scarboro has much more interesting brickwork as illustrated in the quoins on the corners of the house.  The house also sports considerable gingerbread, unlike the house beside it.  The one thing the two houses have in common that suggests a common builder is the brickwork above the windows.


In 1901 Queen Victoria passed away and King Edward VII took the throne.  Victorian architecture tended to involve odd shapes and many different sized windows.  Edwardian architecture moved away from the extravagant and more into the utilitarian.  Buildings tended to become more like blocks as is illustrated by this 1901 home.  I find it interesting that the upper story window has only one shutter because the wall is next to the window.


The first school in Malton was built in 1828 and was a one room log structure.  This was replaced in 1858 with a larger brick building.  As the town grew the new school also needed to be replaced and the earlier log structure was finally torn down in 1923 and replaced with a two story school building.

1923 School

This school was in use until 1952 when a new school was built and this one was converted into apartments.


In 1939 the neighbourhood was selected for the construction of an international airport for Toronto.  Malton Airport attracted more than just the airplanes that flew from there and before long aviation related industries were starting up.  During the Second World War a company called Victory Aircraft operated here but after the war they merged with A.V. Roe Canada.  They developed the CF-100 Canuck and the the CF-105 Avro Arrow.  A CF-100 is on display at Paul Coffey Park.


The town of Malton has been absorbed into the urban sprawl that surrounds the airport but if you look you can still find traces of the original community.  Just west of Malton you can also visit another ghost town and read about it here: Mount Charles – Ghost Towns of the GTA. Just beyond that on the map at the start of this story is Palestine – Ghost Towns of the GTA for further exploration.

Google Maps Link: Malton

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