Monthly Archives: October 2019

Culham Trail – Eglinton to Burnhamthorpe

Tuesday, October 15, 2019

The Culham Trail runs along the Credit River through Mississauga.  The trail will become part of the Credit Valley Trail when it is completed.  The Culham Trail runs for 12 kilometres but as I had a day off work it seemed like a god time to explore part of the trail.  I parked near Barbertown in a free parking lot at the foot of the bridge that carries Eglinton Avenue across the Credit River.  Barbertown is the site of a ghost town that once served a milling empire in the south end of Streetsville.

From this parking lot I headed south along the river through Hewicks Meadows.  I was quickly treated to the sight of a grey squirrel drinking from a pool of water beside the trail.

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There were several great blue herons on the river and this one was putting on a display for me.  It was pruning its feathers and making funny faces and head motions as if it was trying to make me laugh.  It worked.

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It will soon be time for snakes to prepare to hibernate for the winter.  This common water snake was taking advantage of the nice weather to soak up a little heat and some vitamin D which is used to keep its bones strong.  Snakes will lie in the sun and then move into the shade to regulate their body temperature.  If they get too hot or cold they become sluggish and some body functions, such as digestion, cease to function.

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It was a great day to view herons along the river.  There is a small outfall near the power corridor that carries water from the storm drains in the subdivision above.  As I approached, a small black-capped night heron flew out.  A great blue heron remained in the water as he was more concerned with getting lunch then with me and my camera.

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As I made my way along the side of this outfall I saw the reason for the herons to be hanging out here.  The pool at the mouth of the outfall was full of small fish just waiting to become someones dinner.

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It was a beautiful fall day with the leaves turning colour a little slower this year than normal.  There still seems to be quite a bit of green in the forest.  There is no formal trail through this section of Hewicks Meadow and one can follow the sidewalk through Credit Point subdivision until it enters the park again.  For those who don’t care for sidewalks there is also a path along the side of the river where you can make your way toward the bridge for the 403 and join the formal trail again.

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After you pass the 403 you enter Riverwood Park which includes the former Zaichuk Property.  Several old pieces of farm machinery are scattered throughout the fields and trees.  The house known as Riverwood is the centre piece for the park and this former estate included the first swimming pool in the area that would become Mississauga.  The house was built with stone that was carried up from the river below.  There is a set of old stairs that lead up to the back of the house.  They make an interesting climb but you will find a fence at the top.

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Salmon are making their way up the Credit River in their annual spawning run.  The salmon spend at least three years maturing in the cold deep waters of Lake Ontario.  Then in September or October they make their way back into the river or stream in which they were themselves spawned.  They return to the same spawning beds where they hatched and lay their eggs.  The salmon stop eating when they enter the rivers and expend all of their energy getting back upstream.  After they spawn they have no energy for the return trip and so they die.  Seagulls were feasting on the bodies of dead salmon in the river and other scavengers are attracted by the smell of rotting fish.  There were several turkey vultures circling over the river and a few were resting in the trees along either side.

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As I was making my way back toward the car I saw a Police vehicle at the base of the Burnhamthorpe Bridge.  Three officers got out of the car and made their way toward the river.  I thought this was a little unusual and wondered if someone had been lost or had fallen from the bridge.  I carried on and was surprised to see another Police vehicle at the 403 bridge.  This car had three more officers who were busy inflating a raft.  As there were no incidents on the Police reports for the day it is likely that this was some kind of a training exercise.

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Across the river from the trail is the Croatian Parish Park and there was another great blue heron on the grass.  It was going along and picking up sticks that were in the grass and carrying them over to the river bank where it would drop them on the stones.

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It was nice to see that the local animals help to keep the place tidied up.

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The Culham Trail is an interesting place to explore and it will only become better as the Credit Valley Trail is completed.  An extended look at the trail can be found in our post Culham Trail Mississauga.

Google Maps Link: Hewicks Meadows

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Port Hope – Historic Hotels

Friday, October 4, 2019

The 1840’s and 1850’s were a prosperous time for the town of Port Hope.  With steamers coming into the harbour and then the arrival of the Grand Trunk Railway and the Port Hope Lindsay and Beaverton Railway in the 1850’s there was a great need for accommodation in town.  The business directory of 1857 lists 13 hotels or inns for the thirsty traveler to choose from.  Several of these historic hotels are still in town and are listed on the roster of Heritage Buildings.  While visiting town I set out to look for a few of them.  Most of the downtown is composed of original architecture and it is a great place to explore.  You can do so on foot after parking for free near the town hall on Queen Street.

1825 – The Marsh Inn served as a stagecoach inn between 1834 and 1854.  It is one of very few original stagecoach inns that have been preserved.  The veranda is not part of the original inn and draws attention away from the door which was the original focal point for the building.   The door appears to have molded columns but these are actually ten inlaid panels that are placed in a detailed surround.  The door has a full-width fanlight that is partially hidden by the veranda.  This inn is on the former Danforth Road, now known as County Road 2, just west of Welcome.  I checked it out on the way into town by going north at the Wesleyville exit from the 401.  A brief side trip south on the same road brings you to the ghost town of Wesleyville.

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1837 – The Ganaraska Hotel was originally opened and was named the Railway Hotel from 1856-1857 when the Midland Railway ran down Ontario Street and past the front door.  Starting in 1864 it went through a series of owners who each applied their name to the hotel.  In 1947 it once again became the Ganraska Hotel and it continues to operate after 182 years.

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1844 – The North American Hotel was built in a prominent position on Walton Street, intended to be the focal point at the end of Queen Street.  It served as a hotel until 1911 also providing stagecoach and livery services.  The stables were kept behind the hotel and could be accessed via the alley between the hotel and the building next door.  The hotel was converted into a pair of street level stores with apartments on the upper two floors in 1919.

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1845 – The piece of land that the Waddell Hotel was built on was formerly an island in the middle of the Ganaraska River.  After the river was diverted into the single channel the area of Mill Street was infilled from marsh land to form another access route to the harbour.   The building originally had retail on the ground floor and a two story hotel above that was reached through a central door off Walton Street.  A Bank of Montreal and a Toronto Bank were located on the Mill Street side of the block.  It remained with the Waldell Family until 1899 and was later converted to residences above ground floor retail.  It has a unique feature in the lantern on the roof top that served as a lighthouse for the harbour.

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1845 – The British Hotel is extremely narrow at just twenty-four feet wide encompassing the three bays.  The front has been altered several times over the years including the fact that the original openings were two stories tall.

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1845 – Midland Hotel was erected in 1845 but as only the first three bays on the right hand side of the building.  When the Midland, Lindsay and Beaverton Railway passed behind the hotel in the 1850’s a second wing with three more bays was added to the north.  A carriage way with another unit above it was used to connect the two sections.  The railway never made it to Georgian Bay so it failed to produce the ridership expected and with the advent of personal automobiles the hotel industry faded from prominence.  In 1917 the hotel was converted into three apartment units.  The carriageway was covered up and forgotten until renovations in 1984 revealed its presence.

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1853 – St. Lawrence Hotel Block is perhaps the largest hotel structure to survive as it is four stories tall and seventeen bays long.  One interesting architectural feature is the detail in the cast iron window heads which changes with each floor level.  The entire block was damaged in a fire in 1965 and was nearly demolished.  In the end it was restored and is now in use as apartments.

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1870 – The Walton was originally named The Queens Hotel when it was built and was a single story tall.  A second story was added in 1876 and a third one in 1907.  Today the hotel is closed awaiting renovations into residences.

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Port Hope prospered because of the railways that passed through town and a companion post will soon be published on the history and relics of the Midland, Lindsay and Beaverton Railway.  A post on the local Ghost Town of Wesleyville can be found at the link.

Google Maps Link: Port Hope

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Google Maps Link: Port Hope

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Wesleyville – Ghost Towns of the GTA

Friday, October 4, 2019

A Friday off work is a good excuse to go exploring.  With a plan in mind to visit Port Hope to look for the remains of the Midland Railway, I decided to stop off the highway one stop earlier and visit Wesleyville to photograph the old church I knew was there.  To my surprise I found an abandoned village as well.

In 1797 Jonathan Brown became the first settler in the town.  He was quickly joined by others and early church service were held in the home of the Barrowclough family.  Soon the family donated land for a church and cemetery and a frame building was constructed.   The present brick church was built in 1860 to replace the frame church.  The Wesleyan Methodist congregation became part of the United Church in 1925 and this church held services until the late 1960’s.

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Wesleyville was a growing community in the 1860’s when it had attracted various tradesmen including a blacksmith, a tavern owner and machine shop operator.   Like many early communities there were a few name changes before the coming of the post office.  When one was opened in the hotel the name was established as Wesleyville in honour of the Wesley Methodist Church.

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The cemetery records show 107 burials between 1860 and 1935.  Burials continued until the 1970’s when the town was abandoned.

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Thomas and Selinda Oughtred arrived in town around 1850 and lived as tenants until 1855 when Selinda was granted 65.5 acres of land.  It is unclear why she received the grant and not her husband.  The house was likely built in 1858 and has a unique design where the front door is set between two angled sections.  The main portion of the house extends to the rear giving it a unique Y shape.  The house was used as the local post office from 1911 until 1944.  The house was sold to Ontario Hydro in 1978 and has been empty for the past forty years.

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Ontario Hydro constructed a large oil-fired generator on the edge of town after purchasing nearly 2,000 acres of land in the 1970’s.  The generator was never finished and has never been put into service.  The OPEC energy crisis hit just in time to ensure the project never got off running.  It stands behind a tall fence topped with barbed-wire.  The Oughtred barn stands on a foundation of field stone behind the house.

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The first school was further west along Lakeshore Road and was a one room log school house.  In 1866 the old frame church building was relocated to the school site which had been purchased for $20.  This old church building served as the school until 1899 when it burned down.   It was replaced with the existing building that served as a focal point in the community until it was closed in 1967.

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John Barrowclough purchased 100 acres of land in town in 1847 and his family continued to farm here until 1992.  The property was then sold to Ontario Hydro and the house has sat empty since then.

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Several outbuildings remain behind the main house, one of which was used as a blacksmith shop.  The Barrowclough family lived here for several generations and was active in the church as well as occasionally serving as teachers in the school.  There was a period of time when the post office was located in the house but in 1911 it was moved to the Oughtred house.

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The Barrowclough barn is quietly rotting away and large sections of it have already collapsed.  It may be too late to save this structure.  The town of Wesleyville has been abandoned for so long that most of the buildings have disappeared.

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The Friends of Wesleyville have done a great job of preserving the few remaining buildings in the town.  The church has been restored and the school is under renovation as well.  It remains to be seen what will happen to the two houses.

Google Maps Link: Wesleyville

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