Glenorchy – Ghost Towns of the GTA

Saturday, December 9, 2017

The community of Glenorchy never had a large population and had all but vanished until the city of Oakville started to expand into the area.  It won’t be long before the community will have lost all of its historical charms among new townhouses and subdivisions.  The few original houses and a school stood along the fourth line near Burnhamthorpe Road.

Glenorchy Schoolhouse

The 1877 county atlas below shows the east branch of Sixteen Mile Creek in blue as it flows under the fourth line which is marked in brown.  Glenorchy is not marked on the map, perhaps because it didn’t have a post office.  The name is likely of Scottish origin and means valley of tumbling waters.  Sixteen Mile Creek and the picturesque valley it flows through could easily give rise to a name like that.

Glenorchy (2)

This picture shows the fourth line with the bridge in the foreground.  A set of stairs leads down the side of the hill to the school which is located in the ravine.  The county atlas above shows the school to the west of the road which means that the earlier road and bridge alignment likely took a more direct route to the bottom and may be still visible behind the stairs at the time of this picture.  This photo was supplied by Neil Omstead.

Glenorchy Schoolhouse

We parked on the Fourth Line south of Lower Base Line near the entrance to Glenorchy Conservation Area.  Glenorchy Conservation Area protects 400 hectares of environmentally sensitive land containing both the Sixteen Mile Creek Valley and Trafalgar Moraine.  The trail follows the old road south and into the ravine.


The fourth line makes a steep descent to the creek and on this day the ice was just forming in the water.


As you follow the fourth line south down the side of the ravine you see the back of the remaining abutment from the former bridge.


The fourth line bridge over Sixteen Mile Creek is shown in the county atlas of 1877.  The exact location of this bridge has been hidden by time.  In 1898 Dr Ansun Buck of Palermo, a nearby ghost town, designed a new bridge over the creek.  It was built with the north abutment made of cut stone.  The picture below shows the bridge around 1900 and was taken from close to the location of the public school which was built in the floodplain of the creek.

Glenorchy Bridge 1900

Only the north abutment remains today.  The south approach to the bridge can still be identified by a pathway that has a ridge of earth piled on each side from the levelling of the road.  The north abutment has a major crack in it where the soil has washed away from behind the cut stones and they are slowly shifting.  There is a possibility that this abutment may partially collapse.


The bridge stood until 1964 when it collapsed.  There was construction in the area and traffic was being diverted onto the fourth line.  A fully loaded potato truck followed the detour onto the bridge but it collapsed under the weight.  The picture below from the Halton Archives shows the truck in the ravine and the crane that was brought in to retrieve it.  The picture is dated March 1965 however that is the date it was printed and not the date it was taken.  In those days, you didn’t get to upload your pictures from the side of the river, you had to wait until the whole roll of film was finished and take it in for development.

glenorchy truck

A new bridge was built over the creek in the 1980’s and online sources say it was built on the same abutment as the earlier bridge.  Having visited the site it seems likely that it was built a hundred metres downstream where today’s footbridge crosses.  This bridge was closed in 2001 on a permanent basis.  The steep slope of the northern approach combined with a hairpin turn onto the bridge meant that it was closed for the winter every year anyway.  The road was closed to vehicle traffic but left open for pedestrians and cyclists.  Looking below the new footbridge you can see the larger cut stone abutment for the 1980’s bridge.


Looking from the south toward the bridge you can see the sharp turn in the road and the steep incline as the road makes its way toward Lower Base Line.  It is easy to see why a fully loaded truck was out of place coming down the steep hill onto the hairpin turn that leads onto the bridge.


In 1835 George Ludlow and his wife Francis moved to Trafalgar and built this log cabin which stands at the end of Burnhamthorpe Road in Glenorchy.  Francis gave birth to their six daughters in this three-room cabin.  Similar to the first house on the Stong property (now Black Creek Pioneer Village) this house has two bedrooms and a living room where the cooking, weaving and dining would have been done.  The end of the house with the chimney had this family room in it.  The bedrooms are on the end of the house with no window.  The cabin is known as the Ludlow/Slacer cabin because of Martha, the second oldest daughter, who lived here after she married John Slacer.  The cabin is marked with a red arrow on the county atlas above.


In 1991 there was a sign welcoming people into Glenochy.  The population was 18 at that time.  This house is near the corner of the Fourth Line and Burnhamthorpe Road.  It is one of several that appear to be uninhabited although this one has a light on over the front porch, not exactly common among abandoned places.  There is very little information on historic houses in Glenorchy, unlike nearby Palermo but this house stands on property that also belonged to John Slacer in 1877.


Kings Christian College is located at the corner of the old Fourth Line and Burnhamthorpe where it replaces a couple of historic homes.  This set of gates stands on the south side of Burnhamthorpe Road but a quick investigation shows that whatever they originally announced, remains here no more.  Perhaps they once led to the farmhouse of T.L. Johnson and I’ve marked a potential laneway in green on the map above.


Glenorchy may have had only 18 people in 1991 but since then it has a brand new subdivision and the town of Oakville is approaching quickly.  The Glenorchy Conservation is yet to be explored and so a future visit is in order.

Google Maps Link: Glenorchy

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18 thoughts on “Glenorchy – Ghost Towns of the GTA

  1. Andrew King

    I have hiked with my two dogs through the Glenorchy Conservation Area — it is beautiful in all seasons of the year; the trail is a treasure of tall trees forming a quiet wood, with the ravine especially pretty in the fall. Worth protecting.

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  3. Tom Dixon

    That first picture of the log cabin is at the end of the driveway of the house I grew up in. It is at the dead end of Burnhamthorpe Rd west of 4th line (Neyagawa). Built in 1847 it was moved from I believe the 6th line area.

    1. Wayne Harris

      Tom Dixon. The log cabin is still at the end of your old driveway. David Northwo0d still lives at his parents property. He has not sold out yet.

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  5. Wayne Harris

    I grew up playing in the Glen Orchy. I was in the abandoned school house before it was torn down. The new foot bridge is in the same place as the old bride that collapsed. The old steel bridge was wood planks on a steel structure and when a vehicle went over the bridge fast it sounded like thunder that could be heard for a over a mile.

  6. PatchesRips

    I don’t like to dispute Wayne, but the new footbridge is not in the location of the bridge that collapsed in 1964. That bridge spanned the abutments you found. In the sepia toned shot, you can see the road cut that existed on the south side at the time; that’s long since overgrown. The gully running down to the school is the course of the road as you see it now, and leads to the footbridge. In the interim, there was a rather poor road bridge at that same location, obviously put up because the county needed at bridge there, but didn’t want to pay a lot for something that was probably going to be temporary. Incredibly, t was even closer to the surface of the creek than the footbridge that took its place; I don’t doubt that the river crested it when it was running high. I and a friend used to drive the Halton backroads in the 90s, and we had occasion to drive that bridge several times when it was still open to traffic. At that time, they would typically close it for the winter, when the slopes were simply too treacherous, and then re-open it in the spring. An incident with some cyclists, if I remember correctly, led to the crossing being permanently closed. I was there a few times to photograph the slopes and that replacement bridge in the 2000s before it was removed and replaced by the footbridge… by that time, it was in pretty rough shape and it’s just as well traffic wasn’t allowed on it anymore. The idea is for James Snow Parkway to eventually span the valley and connect directly to Neyagawa Blvd at the 407 interchange, making 4th Line superfluous anyhow.

  7. Denis Belton

    I accessed Sixteen Mile Creek via the 4th line pedestrian bridge and hiked along the bank. I was stopped in my tracks by the sudden presence of foreboding tall plant.

    I turned tail, alarmed that I had come across a crop of giant hogweed, contact with which can cause severe skin reactions. I reported the sighting to a website called eddMAPs (Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System). Within a couple of hours I received a reply that the plant was cow parsnip and not giant hogweed. The giveaway was that the stem of cow parsnip is solid green while giant hogweed has purple blotches on its stem.

    Nevertheless, there have been verified sighting of giant hogweed along Sixteen Mile Creek, and hikers should be on the lookout. Cow parsnip has also been reported to cause skin reactions, but not nearly as severe as giant hogweed.

  8. Tony Parker

    The write-up states..”Glenorchy is not marked on the map, perhaps because it didn’t have a post office.” However, I have Canadian postage stamp that has a post mark for Glenorchy, dated August 17, 1898. So at that time there was one! A scan of this can be provided for your blog.

    1. hikingthegta Post author

      Hi Tony! That’s very interesting. The County Atlas would have been 1877. Therefore the Post Office opened some time in the previous 20 years to your stamp. I would love to see an image of the stamp and add it to the blog. That would be very cool. Thanks for offering! – Steve

    2. Jane Watt

      I am with the Trafalgar Township Historical Society and would love to see a scan of the postage stamp for 1898. Thank you.

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  10. Leslie Kuretzky

    And this must be the road that intersected with Burnhamthorpe before the 407 was built. I can see the abandoned part driving by on the 407

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  14. Brian Chambers

    I built my house on Lower Base Line on the King farm. Mrs King usto ride her buggie down the road to school down in the valley. Tied her horse in the stables behind the school. She died last year at 101 years.


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