Tuesday, February 4, 2020
Having recently been exploring in the area of Keele Street near Maple, I had noticed a pioneer cemetery at Langstaff and Keele Street, I decided to stop after work and have a look at the restored markers in the old St. Stephen’s Anglican Church graveyard. The graveyard is not marked on the 1877 county atlas and so I’ve added it in, circled in orange. The two White families that we will focus on had their land just to the south of the grave site. In 1965 the grave markers were collected up and placed in a central display to prevent further deterioration of the stones. Many of them were over 100 years old at the time of the restoration.
While looking at the names and dates on the markers I noticed that there were a lot of tombstones marking the graves of people who lived less than a year. From the days of the first settlers in North America until the mid-1800s about 30% of infants did not survive their first year.
Pioneer women would have a child an average of every 26 months and 60% of them would have six or more. The average family would lose at least one child under the age of 1 year old.
Henry and Elizabeth White may have occupied the land shown as Hiram White in the county atlas. Eleanor was born to the White family in 1845 but she lived for only 3 years and 3 months before she passed away. She was buried in the St. Stephen’s Anglican Church cemetery after her passing on May 3, 1848.
Henry and Elizabeth White went on to have other children, including Anthony who was born in January of 1856. In pioneer days the common practice was to record the length of time a person lived rather than the birth and death date for them. Anthony passed away on Mar. 28, 1856 when he was only 2 months and 28 days old.
In July of 1857 the White family welcomed little William into the world. Unfortunately, William only lived for 2 months and 4 days and passed away on September 17, 1857.
Albert was born in January of 1859 and he lived for 10 months and 25 days before passing away.
Elizabeth became pregnant again, almost right away and she gave birth to Joseph about 10 months later in September of 1860. Sadly, Joseph would live for only 9 months before passing away in June of 1861.
Isaac and Elizabeth White were likely related to Henry and Elizabeth. They also buried young children in the graveyard at St. Stephen’s church. Mary C. was born in February of 1854 and passed away on July 3rd, just 5 months later.
A couple of months after this Elizabeth became pregnant again and Elizabeth Ann was born in May of 1855. Two months later she passed away on the first anniversary of the death of her sister.
An Anglican Church was built in 1838 on a plot of land donated by one of the Keffer brothers of Sherwood. The property was owned by a member of the Zion Lutheran Church, honouring a longstanding history of cooperation between the two denominations. In 1895 they built a new church on Keele Street on the north end of Maple. The prominent feature, apart from the bell tower, is the large gable on the front with a beautiful glass rosette. The church continues to serve the needs of the congregation in 2020.
Many pioneer cemeteries are filled with the small remains of infants who never had the opportunity to grow up and experience life to the fullest.
Google Maps Link: Langstaff Pioneer Cemetery
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